During Roman times, Forcalquier was a simple village on the Domitan Way.  however by the 12th century, it’s status had risen to that of an independent state at the center of cultural and commercial life in the Haute Provence,  thanks to the Counts of Forcalquier who controlled the area from Sisteron to Gap.

The ruins of the the counts’ chateau on the  citadel can be seen above the town.  In the center of town, stands the Cathédrale Notre-Dame du Marché, whose imposing Gothic façade dominates the Place du Bourguet, while the ancient town “vieille ville” with its narrow ruelles lie to the south of the cathedral.